Publications and outputs

2021

Sony Chandi Shrestha, Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Kenneth White, Caterina Minelli, Charles Clifford, Ihab Tewfik, Panna Thapa and Sundus Tewfik (2021), Formulation and Characterization of Phytostanol Ester Solid Lipid Nanoparticles for the Management of Hypercholesterolemia. Journal International Journal of Nanomedicine (In print).

Ali EH, Alkindi S, Mohamed AO, Hilali W, Mirgani H, Adam G, Magdi M, Hussein IS. Ghebremeskel K (2021), Nutritional and haematological status of Sudanese women of childbearing age with steady-state sickle cell anaemia. Oman Medical Journal (In print).

Abuknesha NR, Ibrahim FAS, Mohamed IN, Salih MAM, Daak AA, Elbashir MI and Ghebremeskel K (2021), Plasma fatty acid abnormality in Sudanese Drug-Resistant Epileptic Patients. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (In print).

Formulation and Characterization of Phytostanol Ester Solid Lipid Nanoparticles for the Management of Hypercholesterolemia. Shrestha SC, Ghebremeskel K, White K, et al. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2021 (In print).

2020

Ranatunga M, Rai R, Richardson SCW, Dyer P, Harbige L, Deacon A, Pecorino L, Getti GTM (2020) Leishmania aethiopica cell-to-cell spreading involves caspase-3, AkT, and NF-κB but not PKC-δ activation and involves uptake of LAMP-1-positive bodies containing parasites. FEBS J. 2020 May;287(9):1777-1797. doi: 10.1111/febs.15166.

2019

Al-Ghannami SS, Al-Adawi S, Ghebremeskel K, Hussein IS, Min Y, Jeyaseelan L, Al-Shammakhi SM, Mabry RM, Al-Oufi HS (2019), Randomised open-label trial of docosahexaenoic acid -enriched fish oil and fish meal on cognitive and behavioural functioning in Omani children. Nutrition doi: 10.1016/j.nutr.2018.04.008.

Mariniello K, Min Y, Ghebremeskel K (2019), Phosphorylation of protein kinase B, the key enzyme in insulin signalling cascade, is enhanced in linoleic and arachidonic acid treated HT29 and HepG2 cells. Nutrition 11;57:52-58. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2018.05.033

Delextrat A, Hayes LD, Al-Ghannami SS, Min Y, Hussein I, Al Oufi H, Cohen DD, Ghebremeskel K (2019), Physical fitness characteristics of Omani primary school children according to body mass index. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08136-7.

2018

Ibrahim FAS, Ghebremeskel K, Abdel-Rahman ME, Ahmed AAM, Mohmed IM, Osman G,  Elseed M, Hamed A, Rabinowicz AL, Salih MAM, Elbashir MI, Daak AA (2018), The differential effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on seizure frequency in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy – A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Epilepsy Behav. 28;87:32-38. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.08.016.

Daak A, Rabinowicz A, Ghebremeskel K (2018), Omega-3 fatty acids are a potential therapy for patients with sickle cell disease. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 9;4(1):15. doi: 10.1038/s41572-018-0012-9.

Al-Ghannami SS, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Clough P, Ghebremeskel K (2018), DHA-enriched re-esterified triacylglycerol fish oil supplementation and oily fish consumption enhance red blood n-3 fatty acid index in Omani pre-adolescent schoolchildren. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2018.07.005.

Al-Ghannami SS, Al-Adawi S, Ghebremeskel K, Cramer MT, Hussein I, Min Y, Jeyaseelan L, Al-Sibani N, Al-Shammakhi S, Al-Mamary F, Dorvlo ASS (2018), Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and parental factors in school children aged nine to ten years in urban regions of Oman. Oman Med J 33(3):193-199.

2017

Awoda S, Daak AA, Husain NE, Ghebremeskel K, Elbashir MI (2017), Coagulation profile of Sudanese children with homozygous sickle cell disease and the effect of treatment with omega-3 fatty acid on the coagulation parameters. BMC Hematol. 17:18. doi: 10.1186/s12878-017-0089-5.

Rai R, Dyer P, Richardson S, Harbige L, Getti G (2017) Apoptotic induction induces Leishmania aethiopica and L. mexicana spreading in terminally differentiated THP-1 cells. Parasitology. 2017 Dec;144(14):1912-1921. doi: 10.1017/S0031182017001366.

Jacobo-Cejudo MG, Valdés-Ramos R, Guadarrama-López AL, Pardo-Morales RV, Martínez-Carrillo BE, Harbige LS (2017) Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Supplementation on Metabolic and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Nutrients 3;9(6):573. doi: 10.3390/nu9060573.

2016

Daak AA, Elsamani E, Ali EH, Mohamed FA, Abdel-Rahman ME, Elderdery AY, Talbot O, Kraft P, Ghebremeskel K, Elbashir MI, Fawzi W (2016): Sickle cell disease in western Sudan: genetic epidemiology and predictors of knowledge attitude and practices. Trop Med Int Health. 21(5):642-653.

Min Y, Djahanbakhch O, Hutchinson J, Eram S, Bhullar AS, Namugere I, Ghebremeskel K (2016): Efficacy of docosahexaenoic acid-enriched formula to enhance maternal and fetal blood docosahexaenoic acid levels: randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled trial od pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Clin Nutr 35(3): 608-614.

Al-Ghannami AA, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2016): Lipid-soluble nutrient status of healthy Omani school children before and after intervention with oily fish meal or re-esterified triglyceride fish oil. Nutrition 32(1): 73-78.

Harbige LS, Pinto E, Allgrove J, Thomas LV (2016) Immune Response of Healthy Adults to the Ingested Probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota. Scand J Immunol. (6):353-364. doi: 10.1111/sji.12495.

2015

Daak AA and Ghebremeskel K (2015) Blood Cell Membrane Omega-3 (n-3): Fatty Acid Abnormality and Supplementation in Patients with Sickle Cell Anemia. Handbook of Lipids in Human Function: Fatty Acids. Eds. Ronald Ross Watson, Fabien De Meester, Chapter 72, PP. 711-730.

Matsudaira T, Gow RV, Kelly J, Murphy C, Potts L, Sumich A, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Taylor E (2015): Biochemical and Psychological Effects of Omega-3/6 Supplements in Male Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 25(10):775-782.

Dornellas AP, Watanabe RL, Pimentel GD, Boldarine VT, Nascimento CM, Oyama LM, Ghebremeskel K, Wang Y, Bueno AA, Ribeiro EB (2015): Deleterious effects of lard-enriched diet on tissues fatty acids composition and hypothalamic insulin actions. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 102-103:21-29.

Madu AJ, Abuknesha N, Ghebremeskel K (2015): The role of lipids in inflammation: Review of the evolving pathogenesis of sickle cell disease (Review). Biol Med (Aligarh) 7;4: 1000244.

Daak A, Elderdery AY, Elbashir LM, Mariniello K, Mills J, Scarlett G, Elbashir MI, Ghebremeskel K (2015): Omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids down-regulate nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) gene and blood cell adhesion molecule expression in patients with homozygous sickle cell disease. Blood Cells Mol Dis 55(1): 45-55.

2014

Min Y, Djahanbakhch O, Hutchinson J, Bhullar AS, Raveendran M, Hallot A, Eram S, Namugere I, Nateghian S, Ghebremeskel K (2014): Effect of docosahexaenoic acid-enriched fish oil supplementation in pregnant women with Type 2 diabetes on membrane fatty acids and fetal body composition-double-blinded randomised placebo-controlled trial. Diabet Med. 31(11:1331-1340.

Min Y, Blois A, Geppert J, Khalil F, Ghebremeskel K, Holmsen H (2014): Dietary fat intake, circulating and membrane fatty acids composition of healthy Norwegian men and women. J Hum Diet Nutr 27(1):69-75.

Crawford MA, Broadhurst CL, Cunnane S, Marsh DE, Schmidt WF, Brand A, Ghebremeskel K (2014), Nutritional armour in evolution: docosahexaenoic acid as a determinant of neural, evolution and hominid brain development'. Mil Med 179(11 Suppl): 61-75.

2013

Daak AA, Ghebremeskel K (2013), Omega-3 fatty acids and sickle cell disease: Intriguing association and promising therapeutic effect. Lipid Technology 25(12): 275-277.

Daak A, Ghebremeskel K, Mariniello K, Hassan Z, Attallah B, Clough P, Elbashir MI (2013): Oxidative stress and intravascular haemolysis in homozygous sickle cell patients supplemented with omega 3 fatty acids. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty acids 89(5):305-311.

Nyuar KB, Min Y, Mohammed MDA, Abukashawa  SMA, Daak AA, Ghebremeskel K (2013): Regular consumption of Nile river fish could ameliorate the low milk DHA of Southern Sudanese women living in Khartoum City area. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 89(2-3):65-69.

Gow RY, Vallee-Tourangeau F, Sumich A, Crawford M, Ghebremeskel K, Bueno A, Hibbeln JR, Taylor E and Rubia K (2013): Omega-3 fatty acids are related to abnormal emotion processing in adolescent boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 88(6): 419-429.

Gow RV, Vallee-Tourangeau F, Crawford M, Amador-Bueno A, Ghebremeskel K, Hibbeln JH, Taylor E and Rubia K (2013): Omega-3 fatty acids are inversely related to callous and unemotional traits in adolescent boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 88(6): 411-418.

Sumich AL, Matsudaira T, Gow R, Ibrahimovic A, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M and Taylor E (2013): Fatty acid correlates of temperament in adolescent boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. 

2012

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids [88(6):431-436. Daak AA, Ghebremeskel K, Hassan Z, Attallah B, Azan HH, Elbashir MI (2012): Effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in patients with sickle cell anemia: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Am J Clini Nutr 97(1): 37-44. Neville MM, Geppert J, Min Y, Grimble G, Crawford MA, Ghebremeskel K (2012): Dietary fat intake, body composition and blood lipids of university men and women. Nutr Health 21(3):173-185.

Msika O, Brand A, Crawford MA, Yavin E (2012): NGF blocks polyunsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis in n-3 fatty acid-supplemented PC12 cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1821(7):1022-1030.

Nyuar KB, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (2012): Sudanese women's and neonates' vitamin A status. Nutr Health. 2012 Jan;21(1):45-55.

Hussein IS, Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Gaffar AM (2012): Iodine status and fish intake of Sudanese school children living in Red Sea and White Nile region. Public Health Nutr 4:1-7.

Bueno AA, Ghebremeskel K, Bakheit KH, Elbashir MI, Adam I (2012): Dimethyl acetals, an indirect marker of the endogenous antioxidant plasmalogen level, are reduced in blood lipids of Sudanese preeclamptic subjects whose backgrounds diet is high in carbohydrate. J Obst Gynaecol 32(3):241-6.

Bueno AA, Ghebremeskel K, Bakheit KH, Elbashir MI, Adam I (2012): Erythrocyte omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids profile in Sudanese women with pre-eclampsia. J Obstet Gynaecol doi: 10.3109/01443615.2011.641622. PMID: 22369396.

2011

Daak A, Ghebremeskel K, Elbashir MI, Bakhita A, Hassan Z (2011): Hydroxyurea therapy mobilises arachidonic acid from inner cell membrane aminophospholipids in patients with homozygous sickle cell disease. J Lipids 2011: 718014.

Min Y, Lowy C, Islam S, Khan FS, Swaminathan R (2011): Relationship between red cell membrane fatty acids and adipokines in individuals with varying insulin sensitivity. Eur J Clin Nutr 1-6.

Publications 2010–1999

2010

Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Geppert J, Khalil F (2010) Effect of storage temperature and length on fatty acid composition of fingertip blood collected on filter paper. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 84(1-2): 13-18.

Al-Sinani M, Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Qazaq HS (2010) Effectiveness of and adherence to dietary and lifestyle counselling on metabolic control in type 2 diabetic Omani patients. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 10(3): 61-69.

Nyuar KB, Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Khalil AKH, Elbashir MI, Crawford MA (2010) Milk of northern Sudanese mothers whose traditional diet is high in carbohydrate contains low docosahexaenoic acid. Acta Paediatrica 99(12): 1824-1827.

Crawford MA, Wang Y, Lehane C and Ghebremeskel K (2010) Chapter 6. Fatty acid ratios in free living and domestic animals. In: Modern Dietary Fat Intakes in Disease Promotion, Ed Watson, RR; De Meester, F; De Meester, F; Zibadi, S Humana Press, Springer, New York, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, p95-108.

Bakheit KH, Ghebremeskel K, Pol K, Elbashir MI, Adam I (2010) Erythrocyte omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids profile in Sudanese women with pre-eclampsia. J Obstet Gynaecol 30(2):151-154.

Bakheit KH, Ghebremeskel K, Zaiger G, Elbashir MI, Adam I (2010) Erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes and plasma antioxidant vitamins in Sudanese women with pre-eclampsia. J Obstet Gynaecol 30(2):147-150.

Habitante CA, Oyama LM, Bueno AA, Ribeiro EB, Estadella D, Damaso AR, Oller do Nascimento CM (2010). Exercise training in rats impairs the replenishment of white adipose tissue after partial lipectomy. Eur J Appl Physiol. 109(3):371-377.

Brand A, Bauer NG, Hallott A, Goldbaum O, Ghebremeskel K, Reifen R, Richter-Landsberg C (2010) Membrane lipid modification by polyunsaturated fatty acids sensitizes oligodendroglial OLN-93 cells against oxidative stress and promotes upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 (HSP32). J Neurochem. 113(2):465-476.

2009

Bueno AA, Oyama LM, de Macedo Motoyama CS, da Silva Biz CR, Silveira VL, Ribeiro EB, Oller do Nascimento CM (2009). Long chain saturated fatty acids increase haptoglobin gene expression in C57BL/6J mice adipose tissue and 3T3-L1 cells. Eur J Nutr. 49(4): 235-241.

Geppert J, Min Y, Neville M, Lowy C, Ghebremeskel K (2009) Gender specific fatty acid profiles in platelet phosphatidyl-choline and -ethanolamine. Prost Leuk Essen Fatty Acids 82(1):51-56.

Sumich AL, Matsudaira T, Gow R, Ibrahimovic A, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Taylor E (2009) Resting state electroencephalographic correlates with red cell long chain fatty acids, memory performance and age in adolescent boys with attention and hyperactivity disorder. Neuropharmacology 57(7-8):708-14.

Zhang J, Wang Y, Meng L, Wang C, Zhao W, Chen J, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (2009) Maternal and neonatal plasma n-3 and n-6 fatty acids of pregnant women and neonates from three regions of China with contrasting dietary patterns. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 18(3):377-88.

Caraveo-Patin J, Wang Y, Soto LA, Ghebremeskel K, Lehane C, Crawford MA (2009) Eco-physiological repercussions of dietary arachidonic acid in cell membranes of active tissues of the Gray whale. Marine Ecology 30(4):437-447.

Wang Y, Lehane C, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (2009) Modern organic and broiler chickens sold for human consumption provide more calories from fat than protein. Public Health Nutr 4:1-9

Izzeldin SH, Crawford MA, Ghebremeskel K (2009) Salt fortification with iodine: Sudan situation analysis. Nutr Health 20(1): 21-30.

Gow RV, Matsudaira T, Taylor E, Rubia K, Crawford M, Ghebremeskel K, Ibrahimovic A, Vallée-Tourangeau F, Williams LM, Sumich A (2009) Total red blood cell concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids are associated with emotion-elicited neural activity in adolescent boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 80(2-3): 151-156.

2008

Meng LP, Zhang J, Wang YQ, Wang CR, Ghebremeskel K, Zhao WH (2008) Dietary fatty acids intake and their food sources in pregnant women from different aquatic-product intake regions in China. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica, 30(3): 249-252.

Crawford M, Broadhurst CL, Galli C, Ghebremeskel K, Holmsen H, Saugstad LF, Schmidt WF, Sinclair AJ, Cunnane SC (2008) The role of docosahexaenioc and arachidonic acids as determinants of evolution and hominid brain development. Fisheries for Global Welfare and Environment, 5th World Fisheries Congress, p57-76.

Ren H, Ghebremeskel K, Okpala I, Ugochukwu CC, Crawford A, Ibegbulam O (2008) Patients with sickle cell disease have reduced blood antioxidant protection. Int J Vit Nutr Res 78(3):139-147.

Clauss M, Diernfeld ES, Bigley KE, Wang Y, Ghebremeskel K, Hatt JM, Flach EJ, Behlert O, Castell JC, Streich WJ, Bauer JE (2008) Fatty acid status in captive and free-ranging black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis). J Animal Phy Animal Nutr, 92(3):231-241.

Zhou D, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Reifen R (2008) Chapter 11. The effect of vitamin A deficiency and inflammation on long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in rat colon and liver membranes. In: Malnutrition Research Advances, Editor Vesler LW Nova Science Publishers, Inc., p183-212.

2007

Golfetto I, McGready R, Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Dubwitz L, Nosten P, Simpson JA, Crawford MA (2007) Fatty acid composition of milk of refugee Karen mothers. Is the level of DHA in breast milk of Western women compromised by high intake of saturated fat and linoleic acid? Nutr Health 18:319-332.

2006

Bitsanis D, Ghebremeskel K, Moodley T, Crawford MA, Djahanbakhch OB (2006) Gestational diabetes mellitus enhances arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in placental phospholipids. Lipids 41(4):341-346.

Zhou D, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Reifen R (2006) Vitamin A deficiency enhances liver and colon membrane docosahexaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids in rats fed alpha-linolenic acid adequate diet. Lipids 41(3):213-219.

Domínguez YL, Hernández1 M, Matos CM, Zhou D (2006) Is B vitamins deficiency associated with prevalence of Alzheimer's disease in Cuban elderly? Nutr Health 18(2):103-118.

Hieu NT, Gainsborough M, Simpson JA, Thuy NT, Hang NN, Taylor AM, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M, Golfetto I, Dubowitz L, Farrar J (2006) Neurological status of low risk Vietnames newborns. A comparison with a British newborn cohort. J Health Popul Nutr 24(1):57-63.

Min Y, Nam JH, Ghebremeskel K, Kim A, Crawford M (2006) A distinctive fatty acid profile in circulating lipids of Korean gestational diabetics: A pilot study. Diab Res Clin Pract 73:178-183.

Ren H, Magulike NO, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M (2006) Primary open angle glaucoma patients have reduced levels of blood docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 74(3):157-163. 

Ren H, Ghebremeskel K, Okpala I, Ugochukwu CC, Crawford, Ibegbulam O (2006) Abnormality of erythrocyte membrane n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in sickle cell hemoglobin (HbSC) disease is not as remarkable as in sickle cell anaemia (HbSS). Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 74: 1-6.

Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Offley-Shore B, Crawford MA (2006) Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids. Nutrition 22:230-236.

Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Thomas B, Crawford M (2006) Chapter 91. The role of essential fatty acids and antioxidants in neurovascular development and complications of prematurity. pp993-1000, In: Text book of Perinatal Medicine. Ed. Kurjak A, Parthenon Publishing.

2005

Crawford MA, Ghebremeskel K, Hibbeln JR, House S, Hunter D, Morley DC, Nicholson P, Stuart K (2005) The Lancet and the Royal Society are both right and wrong. Lancet. 366(9487):714-715.

Min Y, Lowy C, Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Offley-Shore B, Crawford M (2005) Unfavourable effect of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on maternal and fetal essential fatty acid status: a potential marker of fetal insulin resistance. Am J Clin Nutr 82: 1162-1168.

Bitsanis D, Crawford MA, Moodley T, Holmsen H, Ghebremeskel K, Djahanbakhch OB (2005) Arachidonic acid predominates in the membrane phosphoglycerides of the early and term placenta. J Nutr 135;2566-2571.

Ren H, Okpala I, Ghebremeskel K, Ugochukwu CC, Ibegbulam O, Crawford M (2005) Blood mononuclear cells and platelets have abnormal fatty acid composition in homozygous sickle cell disease. Ann Hematol 84(9):578-583.

Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Crawford MA (2005) Plasma fatty acids of neonates born to mothers with and without gestational diabetes. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 72(5):335-341.

Ren H, Ibegbulam O, Okpala I, Ghebremeskel K, Ugochukwu CC, Crawford M (2005) Steady state haemoglobin level in sickle cell anaemia increases with an increase in erythrocyte membrane n-3 fatty acids. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 72(6):415-421

Min Y, Lowy C, Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Bitsanis D, Crawford MA (2005) Foetal erythrocyte membrane lipids modification: Preliminary observation of en early sign of compromised insulin sensitivity in the offspring of gestational diabetics. Diab Med 22:914-920.

2004

Zhou D, Zaiger G, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Reifen R (2004) Vitamin A deficiency reduces liver and colon docosahexaenoic acid levels in rats fed high linoleic and low alpha-linolenic acid diet. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 71:383-389.

Uritski R, Barshack I, Bilkis I, Ghebremeskel K, Reifen R (2004) Dietary iron affects the inflammatory status of colitis. J Nutr 134(9): 2251-2255.

Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Lowy C, Min Y, Crawford MA (2004) Type 1 diabetes compromises plasma arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in newborn babies. Lipids 39(4):335-342.

Crawford MA, Bloom M, Broadhurst CL, Schmidt WF, Cunnane SC, Galli C, Ghebremeskel K, Linseisen F, Lloyd-Smith J, Parkington J (2004) Evidence for the unique function of DHA during the evolution of the modern hominid brain. Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipids Dossier: Acides Gras Omega 3: Aspects Metabolique 11(1):30-37.

Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Min Y, Crawford MA (2004) Plasma AA and DHA levels are not compromised in newly diagnosed gestational diabetic women. Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1492-1497.

Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Thomas B, Crawford MA (2004) Adverse effect of obesity on red cell membrane arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in gestational diabetes. Diabetologia 47(1): 75-81. 

Min Y, Crawford M (2004) Chapter 22. Essential fatty acids. In: The Eicosanoids, Ed. Peter Curtis-Prior, John Wiley and Sons Ltd. p257-265.

2003

McGready R, Simpson J, Arunjerdja R, Golfetto I, Ghebremeskel K, Taylor A, Siemieniuk A, Mercuri E, Harper G, Dubowitz L, Crawford M, Nosten F (2003) Delayed visual maturation in Karen refugee infants. Ann Trop Paed 23:193-204.

Reifen R, Haftel L, Manor G, Sklan D, Edris M, Khoshoo V, Ghebremeskel K (2003) Ethiopian-born and native Israeli school children have different growth patterns. Nutrition. 19(5):427-31. 

Wang Y, Crawford A, Chen J, Li J, Ghebremeskel K, Campbell TC, Fan W, Parker R, Leyton J (2003) Fish consumption, blood docosahexaenoic acid and chronic diseases in Chinese rural populations. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 136(1):127-140. 

Clauss M, Wang Y, Ghebremeskel K, Lendl CE, Streich WJ (2003) Plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids in captive Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta Africana) elephants. Veterinary Record 153: 54-58. 

Crawford MA, Golfetto I, Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Moodley T, Poston L, Phylactos A, Cunnane S, Schmidt W (2003) The potential role for arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in protection against some central nervous system injuries in preterm infants. Lipids 38(4): 303-315.

2002

Reifen R, Nur T, Ghebremeskel K, Zaiger G, Urizky R and Pines M (2002) Vitamine A deficiency exacerbates inflammation in a rat model of colitis through activation of nuclear factor-kB and collagen formation. J Nutr 132: 2743-2747.

Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford M (2002) Liver triacylglycerols and free fatty acids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats have atypical n-6 and n-3 pattern. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 132(3):349 -354.

2001

Reifen R and Ghebremeskel K (2001) Vitamin A during pregnancy. Nutr Health 15:237-243.

Golfetto I, Min Y, Wang Y, Ghebremeskel K and Crawford MA (2001) Serum cholesterol and haemorrhagic stroke. Lancet (letter) 358:508.

Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A, Lee IS and Suzuki H (2001) Maternal-fetal n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty gradient in plasma and red cell phospholipids. Internat J Vit Nutr Res 71(5):286-292.

Ghosh P, Bitsanis D, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA and Poston L (2001) Abnormal aortic fatty acid composition and small artery function in offspring of rats fed a high fat diet in pregnancy. J Physiol 533.3:815-822.

Crawford MA, Bloom M, Cunnane S, Holmsen H, Ghebremeskel K, Parkington J, Schimdt W, Sinclair AJ and Leigh Broadhurst C (2001) Docosahexaenoic acid and cerebral evolution. World Rev Nutr Diet 88:6-17.

2000

Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A and Koo JN (2000) Blood fatty acid composition of pregnant and non-pregnant Korean women: red cells may act as a reservoir of arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid for utilization by the developing fetus. Lipids 35(5): 567-574.

Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Min Y, Thomas B, Bitsanis D, Lowy C and Costeloe K (2000) Arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids are strongly associated in maternal and neonatal blood. Eur J Clin Nutr 54: 50-56.

Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A, Koo JN and Suzuki H (2000) Pregnancy reduces arachidonic and docosahexaenoic in plasma triacylglycerols of Korean women. Internat J Vit Nutr Res 70(2): 70-75.

Clauss M, Flach E, Ghebremeskel K, Hatt JM and Tack C (2000) Supplementing the diet of captive Giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardis) with linseed extraction chips. In Zoo Animal Medicine (Nijboer J, Hatt W, Kaumanns W, Beijnen A and Ganslßer U, eds.) pp. 271-279, Fürth-Filander Verlag.

1999

Ghebremeskel K, Burns L, Costeloe K, Burden TJ, Harbige L, Thomas B, Temple E (1999) Plasma vitamin A and E in preterm babies fed on breast milk or formula milk with or without long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 69(2):83-91.

Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford MA (1999) Post natal modulation of heart and liver phosphoglyceride fatty acids in pups. Ann Nutr Metab 43: 365-373.

Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford MA (1999) Maternal diet high in fat reduces docosahexaenoic acid in liver lipids of newborn and sucking rat pups. Br J Nutr 81: 395-404.

Crawford MA, Bloom M, Broadhurst L, Schmidt WF, Cunnane SC, Galli C, Ghebremeskel K, Linsein F, Floyd-Smith Jand Parkington J (1999) Evidence for the function of DHA during the evolution of the modern hominid brain. Lipids 34: S39-S47.

1998

Crawford MA, Costeloe K, Ghebremeskel K and Phylactos A (1998) The inadequacy of the essential fatty acid content of present preterm feeds. Eur J Pediatr 157(suppl 1):S23-S27.

Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Min Y, Stacey F, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Erskine K, Crawford M and Offley-Shore B (1998) Fatty acids in pregnant diabetic women and neonates: Implications for growth and development. In: Essential Fatty Acids and Eicosanoids, Invited Papers from the Fourth International Congress. Riemersma RA et al. (eds), Champaign, Illinois, p104-107.

Ghebremeskel K and Crawford MA (1998) The role of essential fatty acids and antioxidants in neurovascular development and complications of prematurity. In: Textbook of Perinatal Medicine. Kurjak A Ed. Parthenon Publishing, Vol.1, p853-859.

Crawford MA, Lowy C, Koukkou E, Poston L and Ghebremeskel K (1998) Sex ratio of offspring of diabetics. Lancet 351(9114):1515-1516.

1997

Crawford MA, Costeloe K, Ghebremeskel K, Phylactos A, Skirvin L, Stacey F (1997) Are deficits of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids responsible for the neural and vascular complications of preterm babies? Am J Clin Nutr. 66: 1032S-1041S.

1995

Ghebremeskel K, Leighfield M, Leaf A, Costeloe K, Crawford MA (1995) Fatty acid composition of plasma and red cell phospholipids of preterm babies fed on breast milk and formulae. Eur J Pediatr. 154:46-52.

Crawford MA, Ghebremeskel K, Phylactos A (1995) The biochemistry of unsaturated fatty acids and development of preterm infants. Clinical Practice. s80: 3-6.

Ghebremeskel K, Leighfield M, Leaf A, Costeloe K, Crawford M (1995) Fatty acid composition of plasma and red cell phospholipids of preterm babies fed on breast milk and formulae. Eur J Pediatr. 154(1):46-52.

1994

Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (1994) Nutrition and health in relation to food production and processing. Nutr Health. 9: 237-253.

Phylactos A, Ghebremeskel K, Costeloe K, Leaf AA, Harbige LS, Crawford MA (1994) Polyunsaturated fatty acids and anti-oxidants in early development: Possible prevention of oxygen induced disorders. Eur J Clin Nutr. 48: S2.S17-S23.

Ghebremeskel K, Burns L, Burden TJ, Costeloe K, Powell JJ, Crawford MA (1994) Vitamin A and related essential nutrients in cord blood: relationships with anthropometeric measurements at birth. Early Hum Dev. 39: 177-188.

1993

Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (1994) Nutrition and health in relation to food production and processing. Nutr Health. 9(4):237-253.

Leighfield M, Ghebremeskel K, Doyle W, Crawford MA (1993) Proximate composition of some ready meal foods - Total fat, fatty acids and tocopherol. J Hum Nutr Dietet. 6: 51-62.

1992

Crawford MA, Doyle W, Leaf A, Leighfield M, Ghebremeskel K, Phylactos A (1993) Nutrition and neurodevelopmental disorders. Nutr Health. 9: 81-97.

Ghebremeskel K, Williams TD, Williams G, Gardner DA, Crawford MA (1992) Dynamics of plasma nutrients and metabolites in moulting macaroni (Eudyptes chrysolophus) and gentoo (Pygoscelis papua) penguins. Comp Bioch Physiol. 101A: 301-307.

Williams TD, Ghebremeskel K, Williams G, Crawford MA (1992) Breeding and moulting in macaroni penguins. Do birds exhaust their fat reserves? Comp Bioch Physiol. 103A(4): 783-785.

Ghebremeskel K, Leighfield M (1992) Infant brain lipids and diet. Lancet. 340(8827):1093.

Harbige L, Ghebremeskel K, Williams G, Crawford MA (1992) The hepatic fatty acids of wild rockhopper (Eudyptes crestatus) penguins pre and post-moult. Zool Sci. 9: 315-320.

1991

Crawford MA, Budowski P, Drury P, Ghebremeskel K, Harbige L, Leighfield M, Phylactos A, Williams G (1991) The nutritional contribution to bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Nutr Health. 7(2):61-68.

Ghebremeskel K, Harbige LS, Williams G, Crawford MA, Hawkey C (1991) The effect of dietary change on in vitro erythrocyte haemolysis, skin lesions and alopecia in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Comp Biochem Physiol A. 100(4):891-896.

Harbige L, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA (1991) Captive Rhinos. New Scientist 1794: 63.

Ghebremeskel K, Williams G, Gardner DA, Crawford MA (1991) Plasma metabolites in Macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus) arriving on land for breeding and moulting. Comp Biochem Physiol. 99A: 245-250.

1990

Ghebremeskel K, Williams G, Harbige L, Spadetta M, Summers P (1990) Plasma vitamins A and E and hydrogen peroxide-induced in vitro erythrocyte haemolysis in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Vet Rec. 126(17):429-431.

Harbige LS, Ghebremeskel K, Williams G, Summers P (1990) N-3 and N-6 phosphoglyceride fatty acids in relation to in vitro erythrocyte haemolysis induced by hydrogen peroxide in captive common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Comp Biochem Physiol B. 97(1):167-170.