Publications 1999 to 2007

  • Golfetto I, MCGready R, Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Dubwitz L, Nosten P, Simpson JA, Crawford MA (2007) Fatty acid composition of milk of refugee Karen mothers. Is the level of DHA in breast milk of Western women compromised by high intake of saturated fat and linoleic acid? Nutr Health 18: 319-332.
  • Bitsanis D, Ghebremeskel K, Moodley T, Crawford MA, Djahanbakhch OB (2006) Gestational diabetes mellitus enhances arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in placental phospholipids. Lipids 41(4):341-346.
  • Zhou D, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Reifen R (2006) Vitamin A deficiency enhances liver and colon membrane docosahexaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids in rats fed alpha-linolenic acid adequate diet. Lipids 41(3):213-219.
  • Hieu NT, Gainsborough M, Simpson JA, Thuy NT, Hang NN, Taylor AM, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M, Golfetto I, Dubowitz L, Farrar J (2006) Neurological status of low risk Vietnames newborns. A comparison with a British newborn cohort. J Health Popul Nutr 24(1):57-63.
  • Min Y, Nam JH, Ghebremeskel K, Kim A, Crawford M (2006) A distinctive fatty acid profile in circulating lipids of Korean gestational diabetics: A pilot study. Diab Res Clin Pract 73:178-183.
  • Ren H, Magulike NO, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M (2006) Primary open angle glaucoma patients have reduced levels of blood docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 74(3):157-163
  • Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Offley-Shore B, Crawford MA (2006) Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids. Nutrition 22:230-236
  • Ren H, Ghebremeskel K, Okpala I, Ugochukwu CC, Crawford, Ibegbulam O (2006) Abnormality of erythrocyte membrane n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in sickle cell haemoglobin (HbSC) disease is not as remarkable as in sickle cell anaemia (HbSS). Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 74:1-6
  • Crawford MA, Ghebremeskel K, Hibbeln JR, House S, Hunter D, Morley DC, Nicholson P, Stuart K (2005) The Lancet and the Royal Society are both right and wrong. Lancet. 366(9487):714-715.
  • Min Y, Lowy C, Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Offley-Shore B, Crawford M (2005) Unfavourable effect of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on maternal and fetal essential fatty acid status: a potential marker of fetal insulin resistance. Am J Clin Nutr 82: 1162-1168.
    Bitsanis D, Crawford MA, Moodley T, Holmsen H, Ghebremeskel K, Djahanbakhch OB (2005) Arachidonic acid predominates in the membrane phosphoglycerides of the early and term placenta. J Nutr 135;2566-2571.
  • Ren H, Okpala I, Ghebremeskel K, Ugochukwu CC,Ibegbulam O, Crawford M (2005) Blood mononuclear cells and platelets have abnormal fatty acid composition in homozygous sickle cell disease. Ann Hematol 84(9);578-583.
  • Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Crawford MA (2005) Plasma fatty acids of neonates born to mothers with and without gestational diabetes. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 72(5):335-341.
  • Ren H, Ibegbulam O, Okpala I, Ghebremeskel K, Ugochukwu CC, Crawford M (2005) Steady state haemoglobin level in sickle cell anaemia increases with an increase in erythrocyte membrane n-3 fatty acids. Prostaglandins Leuko Essent Fatty Acids 72(6):415-421.
  • Min Y, Lowy C, Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Bitsanis D, Crawford MA (2005) Fetal erythrocyte membrane lipids modification: Preliminary observation of en early sign of compromised insulin sensitivity in the offspring of gestational diabetics. Diab Med 22:914-920.
  • Zhou D, Zaiger G, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Reifen R (2004) Vitamin A deficiency reduces liver and colon docosahexaenoic acid levels in rats fed high linoleic and low alpha-linolenic acid diet. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 71:383-389.
  • Uritski R, Barshack I, Bilkis I, Ghebremeskel K, Reifen R (2004) Dietary iron affects the inflammatory status of colitis. J Nutr 134(9): 2251-2255.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Thomas B, Lowy C, Min Y, Crawford MA (2004) Type 1 diabetes compromises plasma arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in newborn babies. Lipids 39(4):335-342.
  • Crawford MA, Bloom M, Broadhurst CL, Schmidt WF, Cunnane SC, Galli C, Ghebremeskel K, Linseisen F, Lloyd-Smith J, Parkington J (2004) Evidence for the unique function of DHA during the evolution of the modern hominid brain. Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipids Dossier: Acides Gras Omega 3: Aspects Metabolique 11(1):30-37.
  • Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Min Y, Crawford MA (2004) Plasma AA and DHA levels are not compromised in newly diagnosed gestational diabetic women. Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1492-1497. 
  • Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, Thomas B, Crawford MA (2004) Adverse effect of obesity on red cell membrane arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in gestational diabetes. Diabetologia 47(1): 75-81
  • McGready R, Simpson J, Arunjerdja R, Golfetto I , Ghebremeskel K , Taylor A, Siemieniuk A, Mercuri E , Harper G, Dubowitz L, Crawford M, Nosten F (2003) Delayed visual maturation in Karen refugee infants. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 23:193-204.
  • Crawford MA, Golfetto I, Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Moodley T, Poston L, Phylactos A, Cunnane S, Schmidt W (2003) The potential role for arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in protection against some central nervous system injuries in preterm infants. Lipids 38(4): 303-315
  • Clauss M, Wang Y, Ghebremeskel K, Lendl CE, Streich WJ (2003) Plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids in captive Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta Africana) elephants. Veterinary Record 153: 54-58
  • Wang Y, Crawford A, Chen J, Li J, Ghebremeskel K, Campbell TC, Fan W, Parker R, Leyton J (2003) Fish consumption, blood docosahexaenoic acid and chronic diseases in Chinese rural populations. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 136(1):127-140
  • Reifen R, Haftel L, Manor G, Sklan D, Edris M, Khoshoo V, Ghebremeskel K. (2003) Ethiopian-born and native Israeli school children have different growth patterns. Nutrition 19(5):427-31.
  • Reifen R, Nur T, Ghebremeskel K, Zaiger G, Urizky R and Pines M (2002) Vitamine A deficiency exacerbates inflammation in a rat model of colitis through activation of nuclear factor-kB and collagen formation. J Nutr 132: 2743-2747.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford M (2002) Liver triacylglycerols and free fatty acids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats have atypical n-6 and n-3 pattern. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 132(3):349 -354.
  • Reifen R and Ghebremeskel K (2001) Vitamin A during pregnancy. Nutr Health 15:237-243.
  • Golfetto I, Min Y, Wang Y, Ghebremeskel K and Crawford MA (2001) Serum cholesterol and haemorrhagic stroke. Lancet (Letter) 358:508.
  • Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A, Lee IS and Suzuki H (2001) Maternal-fetal n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty gradient in plasma and red cell phospholipids. Internat J Vit Nutr Res 71(5):286-292.
  • Ghosh P, Bitsanis D, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA and Poston L (2001) Abnormal aortic fatty acid composition and small artery function in offspring of rats fed a high fat diet in pregnancy. J Physiol 533.3:815-822.
  • Crawford MA, Bloom M, Cunnane S, Holmsen H, Ghebremeskel K, Parkington J, Schimdt W, Sinclair AJ and Leigh Broadhurst C (2001) Docosahexaenoic acid and cerebral evolution. World Rev Nutr Diet 88:6-17.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Min Y, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A and Koo JN (2000) Blood fatty acid composition of pregnant and non-pregnant Korean women: red cells may act as a reservoir of arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid for utilization by the developing fetus. Lipids 35(5): 567-574.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Min Y, Thomas B, Bitsanis D, Lowy C and Costeloe K (2000) Arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids are strongly associated in maternal and neonatal blood. Eur J Clin Nutr 54: 50-56.
  • Min Y, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford MA, Nam JH, Kim A, Koo JN and Suzuki H (2000) Pregnancy reduces arachidonic and docosahexaenoic in plasma triacylglycerols of Korean women. Internat J Vit Nutr Res 70(2): 70-75.
  • Clauss M, Flach E, Ghebremeskel K, Hatt JM and Tack C (2000) Supplementing the diet of captive Giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardis) with linseed extraction chips. In Zoo Animal Medicine (Nijboer J, Hatt W, Kaumanns W, Beijnen A and Ganslßer U, eds.) pp. 271-279, Fürth-Filander,-Verlag.
  • Bitsanis D, Heuschkel R, Ghebremeskel K, Walker-Smith J and Crawford MA (2000) Arachidonate and docosahexaenoate could be biochemical markers to differentiate between Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis. Biochem Soc Trans A23.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Burns L, Costeloe K, Burden TJ, Harbige L, Thomas B, Temple E (1999) Plasma vitamin A and E in preterm babies fed on breast milk or formula milk with or without long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 69(2):83-91.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford MA (1999) Post natal modulation of heart and liver phosphoglyceride fatty acids in pups. Ann Nutr Metab 43: 365-373.
  • Ghebremeskel K, Bitsanis D, Koukkou E, Lowy C, Poston L and Crawford MA (1999) Maternal diet high in fat reduces docosahexaenoic acid in liver lipids of newborn and sucking rat pups. Br J Nutr 81: 395-404.
  • Crawford MA, Bloom M, Broadhurst L, Schmidt WF, Cunnane SC, Galli C, Ghebremeskel K, Linsein F, Floyd-Smith Jand Parkington J (1999) Evidence for the function of DHA during the evolution of the modern hominid brain. Lipids 34: S39-S47.