The impact of fish and fish oil capsule intake on omega-3 fatty acid status, health and cognitive function of Omani school children ('Fish Feeding Study')

Epidemiological studies have suggested that incidence of ischemic heart disease is significantly lower in populations consuming a diet rich in marine products (ie fish, seafood, etc). Fish and seafood are primary sources of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, namely eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3). Studies have also suggested that increased consumption of EPA and/or DHA might help children with behavioural problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

This joint project which is funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Sultanate of Oman will investigate if feeding schoolchildren of 9 to 10 years old fish meal or one capsule of omega-3 oil four days a week for four months modulate blood lipid profile and cognitive function.

The ethical approval has been obtained from the Research, Ethical Review and Approve Committee of Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman (Ref. MH/DGP/R&S/PROPOSAL_APPROVED/8/2012), and NRES Committee North West – Haydock (Ref.12/NW/0760).

This project is carried out in collaboration with Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, and Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman.

This trial is registered with Current Controlled Trials (registration number: ISRCTN93233285).

Publications

  • Al-Ghannami AA, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2016), Lipid-soluble nutrient status of healthy Omani school children before and after intervention with oily fish meal or re-esterified triglyceride fish oil. Nutrition 32(1): 73-78

Abstracts

  • Ghebremeskel K, Al-Ghannami SS, Hussein IS, Min Y, Delextrat A, Hayes L, Al-Adawi S, Al-Mazroui A, Al-Oufi HS (2014) The effect of fish consumption, fish oil supplementation and physical exercise on body composition, blood biochemistry, cognitive function and fitness of Omani school children. (Invited Opening Lecture) International Conference on Seafood Safety, Quality and Traceability Systems, 03-05 March 2014. Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
  • Al-Ghannami SS, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2014) Low dose omega 3 fatty acids reduce fat mass and systolic blood pressure in school children. Abstr. No. 334. 11th Biennial ISSFAL Congress 2014, 28.06 – 02.07.2014, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Al-Ghannami SS, Al-Adawi S, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2014) Fish consumption for a short period of time improves cognitive ability of healthy Omani school children. Abstr. No. 338. 11th Biennial ISSFAL Congress 2014, 28.06 – 02.07.2014, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Al-Ghannami SS, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2014) The effect of omega 3 fatty acid supplementation on plasma vitamin D status of school children. Abstr. No. 345. 11th Biennial ISSFAL Congress 2014, 28.06 – 02.07.2014, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Al-Ghannami SS, Sedlak E, Hussein IS, Min Y, Al-Shmmkhi SM, Al-Oufi HS, Al-Mazroui A, Ghebremeskel K (2014) Erythrocyte palmitoleic acid correlates positively with fat mass and plasma triglycerides in normal weight school children. Abstr. No. 410. 11th Biennial ISSFAL Congress 2014, 28.06 – 02.07.2014, Stockholm, Sweden.

Omani children eating fish sandwich

Omani children preparing for an exercise session