Exhibition: 25.06.2013 – 05.07.2013

Unit 14

Manifesto for Public Space by Nik Klahre

Unit led by Pierre d'Avoine & Daniel Serafimovski

About the show

Interstitial City

‘Long before the Occupy movement, modern cities had already become the central sites of revolutionary politics, where the deeper currents of social and political change rise to the surface. Consequently, cities have been subject to much utopian thinking. But at the same time they are also centres of capital accumulation and the frontline for struggles over who controls access to urban resources and who dictates the quality and organisation of daily life. Is it the financiers and developers or the people?’ David Harvey - Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution, 2012.

Our Diploma Unit once again focused on the City of London this year, developing on the research carried out last year (as ‘Unit 5’) to investigate interstitial space - physical and temporal - that provides opportunities for re-thinking (augmenting, making and re-making) the city in ways that the current developer-led forms of procurement cannot or will not entertain.

We were interested in studying the ways in which the City has evolved over time in both planned and opportunistic ways and in questioning the instruments of city planning and the ‘grand narratives’ of politicians. The City of London’s focus on business and finance since the Second World War has seen it evolve into a mono-cultural place in which people only go to work. Hardly anyone lives there any more and yet ‘the square mile’ was once the whole of London and its walls encompassed all human activity that constitutes the idea of a city.

The City of London itself may now be understood as an interstitial domain - a city state apart from the rest of the urban environment of London and the UK, spatially, culturally, economically, politically, even temporally owing to its status as global financial capital which lends it an importance that transcends its territorial dimensions. The context for our study of the City continued to be the global financial crisis of 2008 and its impact on our society and culture. Two significant events that recently occurred in London - the Occupy protest at St Paul’s and the Olympic Games - have revealed the scale and context of conflict over ‘seemingly’ public space and the right to the city.

We have continued with our research into ‘unearthing the City’ and choosing sites which are not usually understood as building sites at first glance: the subterranean (including culverted waterways); spaces above ground (the Pedway example); and edge conditions, on and about the river Thames. Built propositions evolved from ambitions to challenge the monoculture of the City building and we have questioned if authentic construction is a possibility in the face of ‘fast track’ demands imposed on development by our economic condition. We have been interested in buildings with a greater sense of generosity and porosity – spatial, social and programmatic.

Proposals have explored issues of scale (and the possibility of the co-existence of scales and occupancy), considering also the necessity for intimacy and a sense of nearness at both an urban level and the interior, using detailed material studies and carefully judged means of representation. Working at different scales - the scale of the city, the scale of the building and the scale of the interior and the object - we have invited students to consider the possibilities of monumentality at a small scale and the appeal of a Piranesian ambiguity of scale.

Preliminary investigations and projects for the Interstitial City project included: -

Thresholds: Surveys of the churchyard spaces of Wren’s City churches
Churchyard Pieces: Interventions within the surveyed churchyard spaces of Wren’s City churches
Kirkeby Studies Unit Trip: Studies of Kay Fisker’s architecture and Per Kirkeby’s Brickworks in and around Copenhagen
Small Monuments: The design of a small monument for a site in the City of London, as a way of finding sites and defining specific interests for the thesis project
Briefing Document: Individual research document setting out the aims and context of the thesis projects.

The end of year exhibition focuses on the 15 final projects, each with its own plan chest drawer and frame on the walls of the space; the Wren Churchyard Pieces, Kirkeby Studies and Small Monument projects are documented within the three books placed on the plan chest podium.

Exhibition details

P.V. Tuesday 25 June 2013, 6.30-10pm
Opening Wed 26 June - Fri 5 July 2013
Mon-Fri 10am-7pm, Sat 11am-5pm
Venue Spring House (1st Floor)
Unit Architecture Unit 14
Course Professional Diploma in Architecture RIBA Part 2
Architecture (MA)


An survey of the churchyard spaces of Wren’s City churches, and a propositional piece redefining the ‘interstitial’ churchyard space with an arcaded structure.

A fence around the monument acts as a framework for protest banners. Once the freedom of speech is revoked, the monument is revealed and it takes its commemorative role.

Group photo at Kirkeby's brick sculpture at Humlebaek, near Louisiana. The Unit trip to Copenhagen focused on visiting buildings by Kaj Fisker and surveying Per Kirkeby's BrickWorks.

In small groups, students surveyed a selection of Kirkeby’s BrickWorks in and around Copenhagen, as an introduction to the ‘Small Monument’ project.

A study of the ‘square’ or public space created by Kirkeby with a series of monumental brick wall structures/sculptures (Wall 1 and ll) in Ballerup, a suburb of Copenhagen.

“Quickness of style means agility, mobility, and ease.” - Calvino on Quickness A small monument, in a series of forgotten underground stations, for the City of London.

Through analysis of density and typology an adaptable framework is established which challenges both the monoculture and development of the City.

Centered around the fragments of Roman city wall surrounding the area of Cripplegate fort, the project makes small interventions to improve the pedestrians lot in the contemporary City.

Addressing dislocation of the river from everyday experience the project connects London’s east & west embankments creating new provision for public activity.

An elevated walkway above Upper Thames Street, creating new connections and relationships behind the River Thames.

City Courtyards

by Eleanor Lygo

Interstitial spaces around Wren church St Brides ­are reconnected to the history of Fleet Street with a series of urban rooms, each specific to artefacts from the newspaper industry.

Re-appropriating the medieval ‘stew’, the project creates a new kind of bathing space addressing ‘being well’ in the City.

Looking up at the urban farms allotments on the River Arcades from a boat on the Thames.

The realization of a building on top of the foundations of the roman forum defines archaeology as an active component of architecture.

The realization of a building on top of the foundations of the roman forum defines archaeology as an active component of architecture.

Built on the ruins of Capitalist urbanisation, the Agit-Drop City turns dis-used space to public advantage.

A proposed traders market inhabits the current derelict fish market in Smithfield Fish Market Building.

A new raised public space above London Wall in the City of London. It responds to a privatisation of public space and effects of this on civil liberties.


Gabrielle Andersson
Jessica Bailey
Alex Florea
Andrew Grethe
James Hand
Meredith Hull
Nikolaus Klahre
Ricky Kwok
Eleanor Lygo
Etsuko McGee
James O’Brien
Gaia Pelizzari
Natalie Simmons
Ramsey Yassa
Wing-Shun Tang


Florian Beigel
Philip Christou
Alan Conisbee
Sandra Denicke
Max Fordham
Thomas Goodey
Elizabeth Hatz
Andrew Houlton
Robert Mull
Angie Pascoe
James Payne
Freddie Phillipson
Nada Prlja
Ross Diamond
Irenee Scalbert
Fred Scott
Teresa Stoppani
Carsten Velguth

With thanks to

At the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art, Architecture School, Copenhagen:
Merete Ahnfeldt-Mollerup
Thomas Bo Jensen